Hacer Conjugation | How to Conjugate Hacer in Spanish

María José Escobar Published on February 28, 2023

If you’re learning Spanish, one of the verbs you’ll often use is the verb hacer. In this article, we’ll go over all the conjugation of hacer. We’ll see how to use this verb in each tense and which are the most common. I’ll also give you some example sentences to practice. Let’s take a look!

The verb hacer most closely translates as “to do” in English. It is also sometimes used as the verb “to make” or “to be.” In Spanish, hacer can be used to talk about completing things from scratch (making) or doing things at the moment (doing). We also use hacer to talk about the time and even the weather.

Hacer is an irregular verb, but that makes it quite versatile. For example, a few common expressions with the verb hacer in Spanish are: “¡Hace frío!” which means “It’s cold!” or “¿Qué haces?” which means “What are you doing?” Sooner rather than later, hacer will become one of your go-to verbs in your Spanish learning journey!

Below you can see three common conjugations of the verb hacer: the infinitive, the gerund, and the past participle.

hacer conjugation table

Here are three example sentences that use the conjugations of hacer from the table above:

  • Infinitive: Tengo que hacer laboratorio para mañana. (I have to do a lab for tomorrow.)
  • Gerund: Estoy haciendo mi tarea. (I am doing my homework.)
  • Past Participle: He hecho una maratón en tres horas. (I have done a marathon in three hours.)

We’ve now conjugated hacer in the infinitive, gerund, and past participle forms. To see hacer conjugated in all of its tenses, click on the tense you want to learn below:

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How to Conjugate Hacer in the Indicative Tense

The indicative tense is likely the one you will use the most when learning Spanish. This mood describes events or actions that are real. It helps us describe factual situations, give descriptions, and ask questions. The tenses that make up this mood are the present, future, preterite, imperfect, and conditional.

Indicative Present

We use the indicative present tense to describe actions, thoughts, or situations that are happening now or in the near future. It also helps us talk about facts or general truths. This is the most common present tense of hacer in Spanish.

Below is a conjugation chart for hacer in the indicative present tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHagoI do 
HacesYou do 
VosHacésYou do 
Él/Ella/UstedHaceHe/She does, You do
NosotrosHacemosWe do
VosotrosHacéisYou do 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHacenThey do, You do

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the indicative present tense:

  • Hacemos todas las tareas el viernes. (We do all the homework on Friday.)
  • Ellos hacen una linda pareja. (They make a cute couple.)
  • ¿Qué hacéis usualmente los fines de semana? (What do you usually do on the weekends?)

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Indicative Future

The indicative future is the most common future form of the verb hacer. We use it to describe what will or shall happen. It helps us talk about plans and predictions of something forthcoming. We can also use it to make speculations about what someone is doing in the present.

In the following table you can see a conjugation chart for the verb hacer in the future tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHaréI will do 
HarásYou will do 
VosHarásYou will do 
Él/Ella/UstedHaráHe/She/You will do 
NosotrosHaremosWe will do 
VosotrosHaréis You will do 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHaránThey will do, You will do

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the indicative future tense:

  • Haré lo mejor que pueda. (I will do the best I can.)
  • Él con gusto lo hará por ti. (He will gladly do it for you.)
  • ¿Haréis algo especial esta Navidad? (Will you do something special this Christmas?)

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Indicative Preterite

The indicative preterite tense helps us describe completed actions or an event that took place in the past. We also use this tense to talk about general truths or facts about the past. This is the most common past tense form of the verb hacer.

This is a conjugation chart for the verb hacer in indicative preterite tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHiceI did 
Hiciste You did 
VosHiciste You did 
Él/Ella/UstedHizo He/She/You did
NosotrosHicimos We did 
VosotrosHicisteis You did
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHicieronThey did, You did

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the indicative preterite tense:

  • Ellos hicieron la fiesta más grande de fin de año. (They did the biggest New Year’s Eve party.)
  • Hice ejercicios para atletismo. (I did exercises for track and field.)
  • Hicimos negocios juntos hace años. (We did business together years ago.)

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Indicative Imperfect

The indicative imperfect tense is one of the two simple past tense forms in Spanish. We use it to describe habitual actions or events in the past. It also helps us describe lasting conditions or personal characteristics.

This is how you conjugate hacer in the indicative imperfect tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHacíaI did
HacíasYou did
VosHacíasYou did
Él/Ella/UstedHacíaHe/She did, You did
NosotrosHacíamosWe did
VosotrosHacíais You did
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHacíanThey did, You did

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the indicative imperfect tense:

  • Ellos hacían amigos a donde fueran. (They used to make friends wherever they went).
  • Hacíamos clubes de estudio antes de finales. (We did study clubs before finals.)
  • ¿Qué hacías en la cuidad? (What were you doing in the city?)

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Indicative Conditional

We use the indicative conditional tense to ask questions, make requests, or describe hypothetical situations in the future. Some other names for this tense are the “potential tense” or “hypothetical future.” It’s likely that you’ll see this tense used in conditional sentences.

Here’s how you conjugate hacer in the indicative conditional tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHaríaI would do 
HaríasYou would do 
VosHaríasYou would do 
Él/Ella/UstedHaría He/She/You would do 
NosotrosHaríamos We would do 
VosotrosHaríais You would do 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHaríanThey would do, You would do

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the indicative conditional tense:

  • ¿Me harías un favor? (Would you do me a favor?)
  • No sé si él haría algo así. (I don’t know if he would do something like that.)
  • Yo haría cualquier cosa por verte feliz. (I would do anything to see you happy.)

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How to Conjugate Hacer in Perfect Tense

Perfect tenses are used to describe past actions that are connected to the present. These tenses are compound. They are made up of the helping verb haber and the past participle of hacer (hecho). We’ll go over the present perfect, future perfect, past perfect, conditional perfect, and preterite perfect tenses.

Present Perfect

We use the present perfect to talk about past actions that have an influence on the present. It also helps us describe past actions that were completed immediately before the present or that are ongoing.

In the following table, you’ll find the present perfect conjugations for hacer:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHe hechoI have done
Has hecho You have done 
VosHas hecho You have done
Él/Ella/UstedHa hecho He/She has done, You have done
NosotrosHemos hecho We have done 
VosotrosHabéis hecho You have done
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHan hecho They have done, You have done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the present perfect tense:

  • Ya he hecho eso antes y no ha funcionado. (I have done that before and it hasn’t worked.)
  • ¿Has hecho la tarea? (Have you done your homework?)
  • Habéis hecho un excelente trabajo. (You’ve done an excellent job.)

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Future Perfect

The future perfect tense helps us describe an action that will be completed at a certain point in the future. It can help us talk about an event that will happen prior to another action. We can also use it to describe events that might have or could have happened.

Below you can see the conjugation chart for hacer in future perfect tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabré hechoI will have done
Habrás hecho You will have done 
VosHabrás hecho You will have done 
Él/Ella/UstedHabrá hecho He/She/You will have done
NosotrosHabremos hecho We will have done 
VosotrosHabréis hecho You will have done 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrán hechoThey will have done, You will have done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the future perfect tense:

  • Ya habré hecho todos los examenes para este viernes. (I will have done all of the tests by this Friday.)
  • Sé que habréis hecho algo increíble. (I know you will have done something amazing.)
  • Quién sabe qué habré hecho en esa situación. (Who knows what I will have done in that situation.)

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Past Perfect (Pluperfect)

We use the past perfect, or pluperfect, tense to describe an event that happened before another one in the past. It can also be used to talk about completed actions in the past that still have an influence now or that result in present actions.

In the following table you can see a conjugation chart for hacer in the past perfect tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabía hecho I had done
Habías hecho You had done
VosHabías hecho You had done
Él/Ella/UstedHabía hechoHe/She/You had done
NosotrosHabíamos hechoWe had done
VosotrosHabíais hecho You had done
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabían hechoThey had done, You had done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the past perfect tense:

  • Ya habíamos hecho eso antes. (We had already done that before.)
  • ¿Alguna vez habían hecho un viaje tan largo? (Had you ever done a trip that long?)
  • Ellos ya lo habían hecho cuando llegué. (They had already done it when I arrived.)

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Conditional Perfect

The conditional perfect tense helps us talk about hypothetical situations in the past or the future. It can help us describe possibilities, probabilities, opinions, or theories. We can also use it to talk about how the past could have or should have been.

The following is a conjugation chart for hacer in conditional perfect tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabría hechoI would have done
Habrías hecho You would have donde
VosHabrías hechoYou would have done
Él/Ella/UstedHabría hechoHe/She/You would have done
NosotrosHabríamos hechoWe would have done
VosotrosHabríais hecho You would have done
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrían hechoThey would have done, You would have done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the conditional perfect tense:

  • Habría hecho el trabajo más temprano si supiera que íbamos a salir. (I would have done the work earlier if I knew we were going out.)
  • ¿Qué habrías hecho tú en mi lugar? (What would you have done in my place?)
  • No sé que habríamos hecho sin vuestra ayuda. (I don’t know what we would have done without your help.)

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Preterite Perfect (Past Anterior)

The preterite perfect (or past anterior) tense is used to describe events that happened right before other events in the past. This tense is rarely used in modern Spanish and it has been almost completely replaced by the past perfect tense.

Here’s how you conjugate hacer in the past anterior tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHube hechoI did
Hubiste hechoYou did
VosHubiste hechoYou did
Él/Ella/UstedHubo hechoHe/She/You did
NosotrosHubimos hechoWe did
VosotrosHubisteis hechoYou did
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieron hechoThey did, You did

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the preterite perfect tense:

  • Cuando hubimos hecho la tarea, salimos a jugar. (When we did our homework, we went outside to play.)
  • Ella hubo hecho lo correcto en esa situación. (She did the right thing in that situation.)
  • Creo que hubisteis hecho un excelente proyecto. (I think you did an excellent project.)

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How to Conjugate Hacer in Subjunctive Tense

The subjunctive tense is one of the three moods in Spanish. We use it to communicate subjective ideas like emotions, feelings, thoughts, theories, or hypotheses. It can also help us express wishes, intents, or possible events. The tenses that make up this mood are the present subjunctive, future subjunctive, and imperfect subjunctive.

Present Subjunctive

We use the present subjunctive to talk about intentions, plans, emotions, or expectations. Despite being called the present subjunctive, we mostly use it to talk about possible future situations.

The table below is a conjugation chart of hacer for the present subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHagaI do 
HagasYou do 
VosHagasYou do 
Él/Ella/UstedHagaHe/She does, You do
NosotrosHagamosWe do 
VosotrosHagáisYou do 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHaganThey do, You do

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the present subjunctive tense:

  • No hagamos lo mismo esta vez. (Let’s not do the same this time.)
  • Espero que ellos hagan su parte. (I hope that they do their part.)
  • Nos vendría muy bien que lo hagáis vosotros. (It would really help us if you did it.)

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Future Subjunctive

The future subjunctive has been almost completely replaced by the present subjunctive. It is used to talk about events that will take place in the future. You’ll occasionally find it in older literature and legal texts.

Here’s how you conjugate hacer in the future subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHiciereI do 
HicieresYou do 
VosHicieresYou do 
Él/Ella/UstedHiciereHe/She does, You do
NosotrosHiciéremosWe do 
VosotrosHiciereisYou do 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHicierenThey do, You do

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the future subjunctive tense:

  • Si hicieres la tarea podrás salir a jugar. (If you do your homework you can go out to play.)
  • Sería genial que ella hiciere el proyecto con nosotros. (It would be great if she does the project with us.)
  • Espero que hiciereis ese viaje que tanto has querido. (I hope you do that trip that you have so wanted.)

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Imperfect Subjunctive

We use the imperfect subjunctive to talk about what could have or should have happened in the past. It can also help us describe something that might happen in the future under certain circumstances. It is quite common to see this verb used in conditional sentences.

Below is a conjugation chart for hacer in the imperfect subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHiciera/ HicieseI did
Hicieras/ HiciesesYou did
VosHicieras/ HiciesesYou did 
Él/Ella/UstedHiciera/ HicieseHe/She/You did
NosotrosHiciéramos/ HiciésemosWe did 
VosotrosHicierais/ HicieseisYou did 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHicieran/ HiciesenThey did, You did

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the imperfect subjunctive tense:

  • Me gustaría si hiciéramos algo diferente este año. (I’d like it if we did something different this year.)
  • Si hicieras todo con tiempo, no estarías de afán. (If you did everything with time, you wouldn’t be in a rush.)
  • Me pareció un lindo detalle que hicierais eso. (I thought it was nice that you did that.)

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How to Conjugate Hacer in the Perfect Subjunctive Tense

Perfect subjunctive tenses help us describe actions that were completed before the sentence’s main clause. We can use it for actions in both the past and the future. These tenses are compound and are made up of a helping verb (haber) and the past participle of hacer (hecho). We’ll cover the following perfect subjunctive tenses: the present perfect subjunctive, future perfect subjunctive, and pluperfect subjunctive.

Present Perfect Subjunctive

The present perfect subjunctive helps us describe past actions that are connected to the present. We also use it to describe actions that will have happened at a certain point in the future.

This is how you conjugate hacer in the present perfect subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHaya hecho I have done
Hayas hecho You have done 
VosHayas hecho You have done
Él/Ella/UstedHaya hecho He/She has done, You have done
NosotrosHayamos hechoWe have done
VosotrosHayáis hecho You have done
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHayan hecho They have done, You have done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the present perfect subjunctive tense:

  • Espero que hayan hecho la investigación. (I hope you have done the investigation.)
  • Avisáme cuando ya lo hayas hecho. (Let me know when you have done it.)
  • No creo que vosotros hayáis hecho todo el trabajo. (I don’t think you have done all of the work.)

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Future Perfect Subjunctive

The future perfect subjunctive tense talks about actions that will happen at a given point in the future. This tense is virtually non-existent in modern Spanish and has mostly been replaced by the past or present perfect subjunctive. However, it is useful to understand this tense, since you may come across it in older literature and legal documents.

The following is a conjugation chart for hacer in the future perfect subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiere hecho I have done
Hubieres hecho You have done
VosHubieres hecho You have done 
Él/Ella/UstedHubiere hecho He/She has done, You have done
NosotrosHubiéremos hechoWe have done 
VosotrosHubiereis hecho You have done 
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieren hecho They have done, You have done

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the future perfect subjunctive tense:

  • Quien hubiere hecho un daño a las instalaciones deberá asumir el costo de reparación. (Whoever has done damage to the facilities must assume the cost of repair.)
  • Yo no creo que tú lo hubieres hecho. (I don’t think you have done it.)
  • Si hubieren hecho algo indebido deberán pagar las consecuencias. (If they have done something wrong, they must pay the consequences.)

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Pluperfect Subjunctive

We use the pluperfect subjunctive to talk about situations that happened before other situations in the past. It helps us express subjectivity, uncertainty, or doubt. For instance, we use it to make theories of what could have or should have been.

Here’s the conjugation chart for hacer in the pluperfect subjunctive tense:

PronounHacer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiera/ Hubiese hechoI had done 
Hubieras/ Hubieses hechoYou had done
VosHubieras/ Hubieses hechoYou had done
Él/Ella/UstedHubiera/ Hubiese hechoHe/She/You had done
NosotrosHubiéramos/ Hubiésemos hechoWe had done
VosotrosHubierais/ Hubieseis hechoYou had done
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieran/ Hubiesen hechoThey had done, You had done

Here are some example sentences showing how to use hacer in the pluperfect subjunctive tense:

  • Me pregunto qué hubiera pasado si no hubiéramos hecho esto a tiempo. (I wonder what could have happened if we had not done this on time.)
  • Vosotros hubieseis hecho lo mismo por nosotros. (You would have done the same thing for us.)
  • No lo habríamos logrado sin que ella hubiera hecho su parte. (We wouldn’t have made it if she had not done her part.)

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How to Conjugate Hacer in the Imperative Tense

We use the imperative mood to give commands, orders, advice, or make requests. This is quite a common tense in Spanish and it’s common for people to use it in kind requests as well as demanding statements. You can use it to ask someone to do or not do something. In Spanish, “no” is used instead of “don’t” in the negative imperative form.

Below is a conjugation table for hacer in the imperative tense:

PronounHacer Conjugation (Affirmative)Hacer Conjugation (Negative)English Meaning
¡Haz!¡No hagas!Do/Don’t do!
Vos¡Hacé!¡No hagás!Do/Don’t do!
Él/Ella/Usted¡Haga!¡No haga!Do/Don’t do!
Nosotros¡Hagamos!¡No hagamos!Do/Don’t do!
Vosotros¡Haced!¡No hagáis!Do/Don’t do!
Ellos/Ellas/ Ustedes¡Hagan!¡No hagan!Do/Don’t do!

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate hacer in the imperative tense:

  • ¡No hagas eso por favor! (Don’t do that, please!)
  • Haz lo que quieras. (Do whatever you want.)
  • Hagamos lo correcto. (Let’s do the right thing.)

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Tips for Conjugating Hacer Correctly

Here are a few tips to help you conjugate hacer. Remember that Spanish is a very specific language. You always want to look for the verb tense that can give the most information possible. Of course, there are exceptions to this rule, especially when speaking in very informal contexts. However, you can’t go wrong in Spanish when you choose to be as specific as possible.

When you are learning to conjugate irregular verbs, it’s best to be patient with yourself. In the beginning, you might have to keep conjugation charts with you or spend time memorizing them. This is important, and we’ve given you example sentences to help you understand how these tenses work in real life. With time and practice, you’ll see that the different conjugations will become second nature!

You can start with these colloquial expressions to help you practice the conjugations of hacer: “¿Qué se le ha de hacer?” which closely translates to “What is there to be done?” or “Hacer por hacer” which means to do something without a specific purpose.

Ways to Practice Conjugating Hacer

Hacer is one of the most used verbs in Spanish, so learning the conjugations is key. The best way to learn and remember is to practice. Luckily, there are many ways to practice Spanish based on your learning style. For example, a Spanish language app can help you practice in a fun and interactive way. If you prefer in-depth explanations, a Spanish book or online course is a better way to go.

Whichever way you choose to practice, stick with it and don’t give up. Learning Spanish verb conjugations is often one of the most difficult aspects for English speakers to figure out. But with time and practice, you’ll be speaking Spanish like a pro!

Hacer Conjugation FAQ

How do you conjugate the verb hacer?

To conjugate the verb hacer we can begin by deciding whether what we want to say is a fact, a theory, a statement, or a feeling. Subjective ideas will likely be expressed with one of the subjunctive or perfect tenses. More objective ideas will likely be expressed with indicative tenses.

What is the past tense of hacer?

The most common past tense forms of hacer are “hice” and “hacía.” These are the two simple forms of past tense in Spanish. The first is the indicative preterite and the second is the indicative imperfect tense.

What verb is haciendo?

The gerund conjugation of hacer is haciendo. We use gerunds to talk about actions happening right now. For example, to ask “What are you doing?” we can use haciendo and say “¿Qué estás haciendo?”

What does the verb hacer mean?

The verb hacer most closely means “to do” in English. Sometimes it can also be used as the verb “to make” or “to be.” It’s used to talk about doing or feeling something. It can also help us describe things like the weather or time.

María José Escobar

Maria is a Business Engineering student from Colombia who is passionate about learning. She loves traveling the world and connecting with different cultures. Her dream is to be a world citizen and help others learn about the things she loves, including Spanish, her native language, and her culture. Connect with Maria on LinkedIn.

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