Venir Conjugation | How to Conjugate Venir in Spanish

María José Escobar Published on April 3, 2023

If you’re learning Spanish, you’ve most likely used the verb venir. In this article, we’ll learn about this common verb and its different conjugations. I’ll give you a conjunction chart and example sentences for each tense to help you practice. Let’s get going!

Venir is the Spanish verb for “to come.” It’s a common verb and learning how to use it will help you describe a variety of situations. It may not come as a surprise when I tell you venir is one of many irregular verbs in Spanish. This means that it doesn’t follow a common conjugation pattern. Instead, I’ll help you learn its conjugations in different tenses.

Let’s start with a couple of common expressions using venir to get you familiar with this verb. For example, we say “ha de venir” when we want to say something or someone “is to come.” We can also say “el por venir” to refer to the future or “what is to come.”

Below is a table where you can see three common conjugations of venir: the infinitive, the gerund, and the past participle.

venir conjugation table

Here are three example sentences that use the conjugations of venir from the table above:

  • Infinitive: Ellos van a venir para la cena a las 7 p.m. (They are going to come over for dinner at 7 p.m.)
  • Gerund: Él está viniendo de visita todos los días. (He is coming over to visit every day.)
  • Past Participle: Yo ya había venido a este lugar antes. (I had come to this place before.)

Now that you know what the verb venir means and how to conjugate it in its three main forms, let’s take a look at all Spanish tenses! Click on the tense you want to learn to see venir conjugated in it.

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How to Conjugate Venir in Indicative Tense

Indicative tenses are the most common verb forms in Spanish. We use them to talk about things that are considered true. They help us describe situations or actions with objectivity and certainty. We’re going to take a look at the following indicative tenses: the present, future, preterite, imperfect, and conditional.

Indicative Present

The indicative present tense is the most versatile verb form of venir in Spanish. It helps us talk about an action happening at the moment we speak or soon after. We also use it to describe something that is recurring, like habits or traditions.

Below is a conjugation table of venir in this form of present tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVengo I come 
VienesYou come
VosVenísYou come
Él/Ella/UstedVieneHe/She comes, You come
NosotrosVenimosWe come
VosotrosVenísYou come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVienenThey come, You come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the indicative present tense:

  • Vengo al parque todos los días. (I come to the park every day.)
  • Ellos vienen de vacaciones durante el verano. (They come on vacation during summer.)
  • Nosotros siempre venimos al mismo restaurante. (We always come to the same restaurant.)

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Indicative Future

We use the indicative future tense to talk about an action that’s going to happen after the moment we speak. It helps us make plans and express our intentions. We also use it to make guesses of what someone may be doing at the moment or will do in the near future.

In the following table you can see how to conjugate venir in the indicative future tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVendréI will come
VendrásYou will come
VosVendrásYou will come
Él/Ella/UstedVendráHe/She/You will come
NosotrosVendremosWe will come
VosotrosVendréisYou will come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVendránThey will come, You will come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the indicative future tense:

  • Vendré a comprar flores en primavera. (I will come to buy flowers in spring.)
  • Ellos vendrán en el verano. (They will come during summer.)
  • Imagino que él vendrá en cualquier momento. (I imagine he will come any minute.)

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Indicative Preterite

The indicative preterite tense is a great verb form to master since it’s one of the most frequently used past tenses in Spanish. We use it to describe something that was completed in the past or that started in the past and is ongoing. It also helps us show something that has changed.

The table below is a conjugation chart of venir in indicative preterite tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVineI came 
VinisteYou came
VosVinisteYou came
Él/Ella/UstedVinoHe/She/You came
NosotrosVinimosWe came
VosotrosVinisteisYou came
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVinieronThey came, You came

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the indicative preterite tense:

  • Ella vino a casa más temprano de lo usual. (She came home earlier than usual.)
  • Ellos vinieron a ayudarnos con el proyecto. (They came to help us with the project.)
  • Vinimos a ver el atardecer en la playa. (We came to watch the sunset by the beach.)

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Indicative Imperfect

We use the indicative imperfect tense to talk about past actions that don’t have a specific endpoint or that are ongoing. It’s also useful to describe past actions that were recurring or that were interrupted by other actions.

Below is a conjugation chart of venir in the indicative imperfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeníaI came
VeníasYou came
VosVeníasYou came
Él/Ella/UstedVeníaHe/She/You came
NosotrosVeníamosWe came
VosotrosVeníaisYou came
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVeníanThey/You came

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the indicative imperfect tense:

  • Veníamos a despedirnos antes de irnos. (We came to say goodbye before leaving.)
  • Ellos siempre venían al parque en las mañanas. (They always came to the park in the mornings.)
  • No sabía de dónde veníais. (I didn’t know where you came from.)

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Indicative Conditional

The indicative conditional tense helps us describe something that happened after another event in the past. We can also use it to describe a conditional or hypothetical situation. It can help us make polite requests, too.

Here’s the conjugation chart for the verb venir in indicative conditional tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVendríaI would come
VendríasYou would come
VosVendríasYou would come
Él/Ella/UstedVendríaHe/She/You would come
NosotrosVendríamosWe would come
VosotrosVendríais You would come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVendríanThey would come, You would come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the indicative conditional tense:

  • Él dijo que vendría más tarde. (He said he would come later.)
  • Si ellos pudieran, vendrían cada fin de semana. (If they could, they would come every weekend.)
  • ¿Vendrían más temprano, por favor? (Would you come earlier, please?)

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How to Conjugate Venir in Perfect Tense

The first thing to know about perfect tenses is that they are compound tenses. We conjugate them by combining a helping verb (haber) and venir’s past participle (venido). They help us describe completed past actions that influence the present. They can be in the present perfect, future perfect, pluperfect, conditional perfect, and preterite perfect.

Present Perfect

The present perfect tense helps us do one of two things: we use it to talk about past actions that are ongoing or influence the present, or we use it to talk about an event that happened immediately before the present.

The table below is a conjugation chart for venir in the present perfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHe venido I have come
Has venidoYou have come
VosHas venido You have come
Él/Ella/UstedHa venido He/She has come, You have come
NosotrosHemos venidoWe have come
VosotrosHabéis venido You have come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHan venido They have come, You have come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the present perfect tense:

  • Ellos han venido en busca de nuevas oportunidades. (They have come looking for new opportunities.)
  • He venido a pedir perdón. (I have come to say I’m sorry.)
  • Habéis venido de muy lejos solo para ver el espéctaculo. (You have come from afar just to watch the show.)

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Future Perfect

We use the future perfect tense to talk about an action that happens before another action in the future. It can also be useful when we want to ask about a past action. It’s common to find this verb used with a time marker indicating when the action will have happened. For instance, we could say “para mañana habré venido…” to say “by tomorrow, I will have come…”

Here’s how you conjugate venir in future perfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabré venidoI will have come
Habrás venidoYou will have come
VosHabrás venidoYou will have come
Él/Ella/UstedHabrá venidoHe/She/You will have come
NosotrosHabremos venidoWe will have come
VosotrosHabréis venidoYou will have come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrán venidoThey will have come, You will have come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the future perfect tense:

  • Él habrá venido para el final de la tarde. (He will have come by the end of the afternoon.
  • Habremos venido por segunda vez a Francia el siguiente verano. (We will have come for the second time to France next summer.)
  • Habré venido a este restaurante varias veces a estas alturas. (I will have come to this restaurant a few times by now.)

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Past Perfect (Pluperfect)

The past perfect tense is a common form of past tense in Spanish. We use it to describe actions that happened before other actions in the past. It’s not rare to find this verb used with conditional conjunctions like “if” or “when.”

In the following table, you can see a conjugation chart of venir in past perfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabía venidoI had come 
Habías venidoYou had come
VosHabías venidoYou had come
Él/Ella/UstedHabía venidoHe/She/You had come
NosotrosHabríamos venidoWe had come
VosotrosHabíais venidoYou had come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabían venidoThey had come, You had come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the past perfect tense:

  • Ya habían venido cuando nosotros llegamos. (They had already come when we arrived.)
  • Pensé que ya habías venido a esta tienda antes. (I thought you had come to this store before.)
  • Ellos habían venido de visita la Navidad pasada. (They had come to visit last Christmas.)

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Conditional Perfect

We use the conditional perfect tense to talk about a past action that happened immediately after another action in the past. It also helps us make theories of what we think the past could have or should have been like.

Below is a conjunction table of venir in the conditional perfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabría venido I would have come
Habrías venido You would have come
VosHabrías venidoYou would have come
Él/Ella/UstedHabría venido He/She/You would have come
NosotrosHabríamos venidoWe would have come
VosotrosHabríais venido You would have come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrían venido They would have come, You would have come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the conditional perfect tense:

  • Habría venido más temprano si me hubieras avisado. (I would have come earlier if you had warned me.)
  • Creo ellos habrían venido de todas formas. (I think they would have come anyway.)
  • Habríamos venido preparados si nos hubieran dicho. (We would have come prepared if we had been told.)

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Preterite Perfect (Past Anterior)

The preterite perfect, or past anterior, tense was historically used to describe actions that happened before other actions in the past. You may only find it in literature or legal texts. In its place, we now use the past perfect tense.

Next is a conjunction chart of venir in preterite perfect tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHube venido I came 
Hubiste venidoYou came 
VosHubiste venido You came
Él/Ella/UstedHubo venido He/She/You came
NosotrosHubimos venidoWe came
VosotrosHubisteis venidoYou came
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieron venidoThey came, You came

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the past perfect tense:

  • Hube venido a ver qué estabas haciendo. (I came to see what you were doing.)
  • Hubimos venido a visitarte después de enterarnos de la noticia. (We came to visit you after hearing the news.)
  • Ellos hubieron venido antes que nosotros. (They came before we did.)

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How to Conjugate Venir in Subjunctive Tense

Subjunctive tenses help us describe actions that depend on other actions. We use them to talk about events that happened before, are happening along with, or will happen after another event or with respect to the moment we speak. We’ll take a look at the present subjunctive, future subjunctive, and imperfect subjunctive.

Present Subjunctive

We use the present subjunctive tense to describe an action that is happening at the same time as another action or at the moment we speak. It’s quite common to find this verb tense used in conditional sentences.

In the following table you can see how to conjugate venir in the present subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVenga I come 
VengasYou come
VosVengasYou come
Él/Ella/UstedVenga He/She comes, You come
NosotrosVengamosWe come
VosotrosVengáisYou come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVenganThey come, You come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the present subjunctive tense:

  • Cuando vosotros vengáis a visitarnos iremos al parque. (When you come to visit us we will go to the park.)
  • Estoy esperando a que ellos vengan para salir. (I’m waiting for them to come to go out.)
  • Quisiera que vengas a ayudarme con algo. (I would like you to come help me with something.)

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Future Subjunctive

The future subjunctive tense is used to talk about future actions that depend on something else happening first. You may come across this tense in older literature, but it’s no longer commonly used. In spoken Spanish, we use the present subjunctive tense as a substitute.

This is how you conjugate venir in future subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoViniereI come 
VinieresYou come
VosVinieres You come
Él/Ella/UstedViniere He/She comes, You come
NosotrosViniéremosWe come
VosotrosViniereis You come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVinierenThey come, You come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the future subjunctive tense:

  • Quien viniere a la ciudad tendré que pagar un impuesto por entrar. (Whoever comes to the city will have to pay a tax to enter.)
  • Nos encantaría que vinieren a cenar esta noche. (We would love for you to come over for dinner tonight.)
  • Espero que viniereis a la reunión. (I hope you come to the meeting.)

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Imperfect Subjunctive

We use the imperfect subjunctive tense to talk about past or future events. It helps us express doubts about what has been or wishes about what may come. We also use it to describe feelings or emotions about the past or the future.

The table below is a conjugation chart of venir in imperfect subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoViniera/ VinieseI came 
Vinieras/ ViniesenYou came 
VosVinieras/ ViniesenYou came
Él/Ella/UstedViniera/ Viniese He/She/You came
NosotrosViniéramos/ ViniésemosWe came
VosotrosVinierais/ VinieseisYou came
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVinieran/ ViniesenThey came, You came

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the imperfect subjunctive tense:

  • Sería genial si vosotros vinieseis con nosotros. (It would be great if you came with us.)
  • Me sorprendió que también vinieran. (I was surprised that they came too.)
  • Nos encantaría que vinieras esta noche a cenar. (I would love it if you came over for dinner tonight.)

Return to Conjugation Table

How to Conjugate Venir in Perfect Subjunctive Tense

Perfect subjunctive tenses help us describe a past action that connects to the present or an action that will have happened at a certain point in the future. You’ll find that perfect subjunctive tenses are compound tenses. They are made up of a helping verb (haber) and the past participle of venir (venido). These are the tenses we’ll cover: present perfect subjunctive, future perfect subjunctive, and pluperfect subjunctive.

Present Perfect Subjunctive

We use the present perfect subjunctive tense to talk about past events that happened before other past events. Since it belongs to the subjunctive mood, it helps us talk about how we felt about a past action or what we wish would have happened. It’s common to find it used in sentences that start with “espero” or “me alegra” which translates to “I hope” or “I’m glad.”

Below is a conjunction chart of venir in present perfect subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHaya venido I have come
Hayas venido You have come
VosHayas venidoYou have come
Él/Ella/UstedHaya venido He/She has come, You have come
NosotrosHayamos venidoWe have come
VosotrosHayáis venido You have come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHayan venido They have come, You have come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the present perfect subjunctive tense:

  • Me alegra que hayan venido a visitarnos. (I’m glad that you have come to visit us.)
  • Espero que hayamos venido a tiempo. (I hope we have come on time.)
  • Qué bueno que hayas venido a ver la obra. (It’s good that you have come to see the play.)

Return to Conjugation Table

Future Perfect Subjunctive

The future perfect subjunctive tense is used to describe something that will happen in the future at a certain point. This tense is mostly used in literature and you may only find it in older texts of legal documents. We currently use the present perfect subjunctive tense instead.

Here’s how you conjugate venir in future perfect subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiere venido I have come
Hubieres venido You have come
VosHubieres venido You have come
Él/Ella/UstedHubiere venido He/She has come, You have come
NosotrosHubiéremos venidoWe have come
VosotrosHubiereis venidoYou have come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieren venidoThey have come, You have come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the future perfect subjunctive tense:

  • Quien hubiere venido a la charla no tendrá que tomar el quiz. (Whoever has come to the speech won’t have to take the quiz.)
  • Me alegró que hubiéremos venido juntos a la fiesta. (I’m glad that we’ve come together to the party.)
  • Agradezco que hubiereis venido tan rápido. (I’m thankful that you have come so quickly.)

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Pluperfect Subjunctive

We use the pluperfect subjunctive tense to talk about things that happened before other things in the past. Since it belongs to the subjunctive mood, we use it when we want to express something that isn’t certain. It helps us express wishes, theories, or speculations about the past.

The table below shows you how to conjugate venir in pluperfect subjunctive tense:

PronounVenir ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiera/ Hubiese venido I had come
Hubieras/ Hubieses venido You had come
VosHubieras/ Hubieses venido You had come
Él/Ella/UstedHubiera/ Hubiese venido He/She/You had come
NosotrosHubiéramos/ Hubiésemos venidoWe had come
VosotrosHubierais/ Hubieseis venidoYou had come
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieran/ Hubiesen venidoThey had come, You had come

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the pluperfect subjunctive tense:

  • Si hubieras venido a tiempo hubiéramos alcanzado a hacer todo. (If you had come on time we would have managed to do everything.)
  • Ojalá hubiera venido antes. (I wish I had come sooner.)
  • No habría sido lo mismo si tú no hubieras venido. (It wouldn’t have been the same if you hadn’t come.)

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How to Conjugate Venir in the Imperative Tense

Similar to English, we use the Spanish imperative mood to give commands, recommendations, or make requests. It also helps us give advice or ask for favors. We can use this tense either affirmatively or negatively. To use it affirmatively, we use the conjugated verb alone. To use it negatively, we add “no” in front of it.

In the following table, you can see a conjugation chart for venir in imperative tense:

PronounVenir Conjugation (Affirmative)Venir Conjugation (Negative)English Meaning
¡Ven!¡No vengas!Come/Don’t come!
Vos¡Vení!¡No vengas!Come/Don’t come!
Él/Ella/Usted¡Venga!¡No venga!Come/Don’t come!
Nosotros¡Vengamos!¡No vengamos!Come/Don’t come!
Vosotros¡Venid!¡No vengáis!Come/Don’t come!
Ellos/Ellas/ Ustedes¡Vengan!¡No vengan!Come/Don’t come!

Here are some example sentences showing how to conjugate venir in the imperative tense:

  • ¡Vengamos al cine juntos el viernes! (Let’s come to the movies together on Friday!)
  • ¡No vengas antes o dañaras la sorpresa! (Do not come before or you will spoil the surprise!)
  • ¡Vengan a celebrar esta noche! (Let’s come to celebrate tonight!)

Return to Conjugation Table

Tips for Conjugating Venir Correctly

When you first start learning Spanish, irregular verbs can be quite a challenge. Here are some tips on how to conjugate the irregular verb venir.

It’s useful to memorize the different tenses for every verb. Try to start using venir in conversations and everyday situations as soon as you learn a new conjugation form. Even if you make mistakes at first, this will get you used to using it properly and you’ll soon realize conjugation tables will rarely be necessary anymore.

Here are a couple of common expressions you can use to practice with venir: “hacer lo que venga en gana” which means “to do whatever you want” and “venga lo que viniere” which means “whatever comes.” Now you have two new refranes (sayings) to use when you’re practicing with a native speaker. And remember, it’s more important to practice than to have it right every time!

Ways to Practice Conjugating Venir

Venir is a frequently used verb in Spanish, so learning the conjugations is key. The best way to learn and remember is to practice. Luckily, there are many ways to learn Spanish no matter your learning style or budget. A Spanish language app can help you practice in a fun and interactive way. If you prefer in-depth explanations, a Spanish book or online course is a better way to go.

Whichever way you choose to practice, stick with it and don’t give up. Learning Spanish verb conjugations is often one of the most difficult aspects for English speakers to figure out. But with time and practice, you’ll know how to use venir correctly before you know it!

Venir Conjugation FAQ

How do you conjugate the verb venir?

To conjugate the verb venir, we begin by deciding whether the idea we want to talk about is in a past, present, or future form. To express ideas in the present, we’ll most likely use the indicative present tense. Ideas in the past will most likely be expressed with the indicative preterite tense. To express ideas in the future, we’ll most likely use the indicative future tense.

What is the past tense of venir?

The most common past tense forms of venir are “vine” or “venía” which are the indicative preterite tense and the indicative imperfect tense. Most other forms of past tense are compound tenses, which are either perfect tenses or perfect subjunctive tenses.

What verb is viniendo?

Viniendo is the gerund conjugation of the verb venir, which translates to “coming.” We use it to describe an ongoing action. To conjugate it, we typically use the helping verb estar before it. For instance, we say “ellos están viniendo” to say “they are coming.”

What does the verb venir mean?

The verb venir means “to come.” Even though it has a single meaning, you may find it being used figuratively (when another meaning is given to it) in a couple of common expressions or sayings.

María José Escobar

Maria is a Business Engineering student from Colombia who is passionate about learning. She loves traveling the world and connecting with different cultures. Her dream is to be a world citizen and help others learn about the things she loves, including Spanish, her native language, and her culture. Connect with Maria on LinkedIn.

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2 Comments

  • Very difficult verb to conjugate. Do you give lessons by webcam. My level:A2. Saludos!

    • Hi John, agreed! Venir can be a tough one. I recommend checking out lessons on italki if you’d like to work with a Spanish teacher. Happy learning!